XMRV is a human retrovirus discovered in cancerous prostate tissues in 2006 by Dr. Robert Silverman, a cancer biologist at the Cleveland Clinic. In October, 2009, Dr. Silverman along with other researchers reported finding the virus in the majority of patients they studied who have Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Studies in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom were unable to replicate their findings.

XMRV is a descriptive name:
X - Xenotropic (a virus that is found benignly in cells of one animal species but only infects different species)
M - Murine leukemia, the parent virus
RV - Related Virus

Related categories 2

Overview and questions and answers.
WSJ.com: Further Evidence of an XMRV-Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Connection?
A report that a respected NIH expert supported an association between the XMRV virus and chronic fatigue syndrome during a closed workshop on blood transfusion in May. (June 23, 2010)
Medscape Medical News: Controversy Continues on Whether XMRV Retrovirus Contributes to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Addressing the need for standardization in testing and the possibility of blood banks to refuse donations from people with CFS. (June 17, 2010)
Wall Street Journal: Potential Risk to Blood Supply Probed
Article on the public-health response to XMRV. (April 10, 2010)
ScienceDaily: Correlation Between XMRV and Prostate Cancer: Novel Retrovirus Diagnostic Test Developed
Report about the successful development of an experimental clinical test for XMRV by researchers at Emory University. (April 06, 2010)
This Week in Virology: XMRV with Professor Stephen Goff
Netcast of virologist Vincent Racaniello speaking with retrovirus researcher Stephen Vincent about the origin of XMRV and its association with disease. (April 04, 2010)
Urology: XMRV Infection in Patients With Prostate Cancer: Novel Serologic Assay and Correlation With PCR and FISH
Full text of the report from Emory University on the development of the serum test to identify XMRV infection. (April 01, 2010)
Retrovirology: Detection of a Gammaretrovirus, XMRV, in the Human Population
Questions concerning the detection of XMRV and implications for xenotransplantation. (March 10, 2010)
British Medical Journal: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Human Retrovirus XMRV
Referenced article about the findings of different studies. (February 25, 2010)
Prevalence of Xenotropic Murine Leukaemia Virus-related Virus in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in the Netherlands
Report on a retrospective analysis that failed to show the presence of XMRV. (February 25, 2010)
Retrovirology: Absence of Xenotropic Murine Leukaemia Virus-related Virus in UK Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Full text of a study that did not find XMRV in CFS patients in the United Kingdom. [PDF] (February 15, 2010)
Science: Detection of an Infectious Retrovirus, XMRV, in Blood Cells of Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Abstract of the report with links to related articles and research. (October 23, 2009)
PNAS: XMRV is Present in Malignant Prostatic Epithelium and is Associated with Prostate Cancer
Research findings on the association between XMRV and prostate cancer, including some differences from previous research which indicate more people may be at risk. (September 22, 2009)
PNAS: A New Human Retrovirus Associated with Prostate Cancer
Referenced article on the connection found between XMRV and prostate cancer. (January 30, 2007)
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